They also stay close to large bodies of water, no matter where they are.The common loon breeds in forested lakes and large ponds found in Greenland, Iceland and northern North America. They also require lakes with enough surface area for their flapping-and-running takeoffs across th… Common loon flying exhibiting the typical flight profile of a Gavia species Common loon (Gavia immer) rearing up. The incubation period is 26-69 days long. The Cornell Lab of Ornithology Male and female loons are similar in appearance. Food for these birds is usually fish or animals from the waters. The Cornell Lab will send you updates about birds, birding, and opportunities to help bird conservation. In winter, silent and more subtly marked, Common Loons inhabit coastal waters and large southern lakes. The Common Loon breeds particularly in North America, and the Red throated Diver in Europe. 0. Migration Status. Migration Status. Loons return to northern forested lakes and rivers in the springtime, usually in April or early May. The Common Loon is born with brown eyes, which start to turn red later in its first year. At night, loons sleep over deeper water, away from land for protection from predators. Common loon range map from Birds of the World, maintained by the Cornell Lab … Migration Status. The distance between breeding and wintering grounds of the loons we monitored in Minnesota and Wisconsin ranged from 1,170 to 1,570 miles. Loons from other areas may winter on large fresh-water reservoirs in some of the southern states, including Tennessee and South Carolina. Common Loon Migration Study, Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center, United States Geological Survey Michigan’s Special Animals, Michigan Natural Features Inventory Minnesota Department of Natural Resources NatureServe Explorer Sibley, David. Migration. Some loons may stay on Lake Champlain if there is open water. This means they live in one place and fly to another place to breed. The first adult Common Loons return to Lake Ontario in mid-August, joining the few nonbreeders in various plumages that have summered there. Much has been learned about the fall migration of Common Loons in northern New England. Adult Common Loon migration continues through September and October into November. Sparrow migration is still going strong, but most other groups of songbirds have mostly passed through by this time. Status in Tennessee: The Common Loon is a common migrant and an uncommon but regular winter resident across the state. Over land, they fly higher. The birds gather in large migration groups during late summer and early fall, and then migrate south alone. Loon calls are used to communicate among family members and to maintain territories during the breeding season. The Common Loon breeds from northern Canada south to New Hampshire, Vermont, and Massachusetts. In such places they are solitary while feeding, but may gather in loose flocks at night. Loons spend the winter season along the Atlantic, Pacific, and Gulf of Mexico coasts. Natural Connections: Mergansers on migration Mergansers are one of the last waterfowl to migrate in the fall. Home; Facts; Resources; Sightings; Map All five species of loons migrate to warmer areas around the Gulf of Mexico and on the east and west coasts of North America to winter, and return to northern lakes to breed when the ice melts in spring. Print. 97.55. Loon Migration Loons migrate 2,000 miles from their freshwater breeding grounds in the upper midwestern U.S. down to the marine environments in the Gulf of Mexico and Florida. Common Loons are medium-distance migrants. Each species account is written by leading ornithologists and provides detailed information on bird distribution, migration, habitat, diet, sounds, behavior, breeding, current population status, and conservation. In the continental U.S., surveys indicate Minnesota has the largest population of common loons with more than 10,000 adults. Habitat: Loons need large bodies of water, which allow for easy take off. The common loon is an expert fisher, catching its prey underwater by diving as deep as 60 m (200 ft). No matter how late the spring, their timing is so precise that it’s almost eerie. Red-throated Loons, usually singles but sometimes flocks, can occur anytime but usually later during the migration … Common loons often migrate several hundred miles to reach coastal waters during fall migration. The preferred habitat of loons or divers is quiet and close to water. Loon #2539 Fall, 1998: Loon #15746 Fall, … During migration, Common Loons can be seen on rivers and lakes, sometimes in large groups. Adult loons marked in the Adirondack Park wintered along the coasts of Massachusetts (414 km from … Their legs are situated way back on their bodies which helps them propel and swim easily underwater, but makes it difficult to walk on land.