The Roman tradition of collecting, appreciating, and privately displaying antique art also continued amongst the wealthier classes of Byzantium. Our Lady of Tenderness — The Lady Who Saves Russia. The gold field of the halo is set concentrically, except for the trim round the head and shoulders which is three rows wide. For the format M140 see the easels IKNBZML12 or HCPL1 For the format G140 see the easel IKNG27 But are you aware of God clinging to you, not out of necessity, but in an exuberant outpouring of tenderness and love – the love that will not let us go, the love that is the source of all our joy. Gero Cross The site where the Muscovites met the Vladimir delegation is commemorated by the Sretensky Monastery[b] which is considered to be built where it occurred. They embrace cheek to cheek, with the child gazing towards and reaching for Mary. The child's features are reminiscent of classical sculpture, though the artist renders an expression truer to an actual infant's. This icon is Rumenian, hand-painted with a special golden leaf decoration. The tender love which unashamedly identifies with the reality of our humanity. Thereafter, to emphasize this concept, an enthroned Madonna and Child were given a prominent place in monumental church decoration. The Theotokos of Vladimir is a late 11th to early 12th century icon of the Virgin and Child. I said all sorts of things. [11] The icon was soon moved to the Assumption Cathedral after its consecration in 1160. This hole is notched to facilitate its centering. The Virgin of Vladimir, also known as Vladimir Mother of God, Our Lady of Vladimir, is a 12th-century Byzantine icon depicting the Virgin and Child and an early example of the Eleusa iconographic type. That struggle between Virgin and child mirrors the struggle with God as Jacob wrestled with him. It is mainly the faces of Mary and Jesus and the gold background above her head that are original twelfth-century paint. We need, though, to spend some time reflecting on the child to whom we are directed. Our Lady of Vladimir. It is also known as Our Lady of Vladimir, Vladimir Mother of God, or Virgin of Vladimir. As she addresses us with her eyes, her left hand directs our attention from her, to her Son, in a gentle action echoing the words in John chapter 2 when Mary simply tells the servants at the wedding to look to Christ, and ‘Do whatever he tells you.’. The Virgin of Vladimir and copies, such as this one, belong to a type of icon referred to in Greek as the Elousa (in Russian as the Umilenie) that depicts the Virgin and Christ in a tender embrace. This is the divine embrace with which our redemption, forgiveness and salvation is sealed. The Virgin's Halo. It remained there until the Bolshevik insurrection in 1917. [8], In a traditional account the horses transporting the icon had stopped near Vladimir and refused to go further. The Theotokos of Vladimir is one of my favorite icons of my Mary so I'll probably end up doing yet another rendition of this in my (preferred) medium: ink and watercolor. The icons may also be displayed on an easel. [28] Theologians and believers have also commented upon the icons symbology and the religious sentiments it inspires. Description Virgin of Vladimir. However, no archeological evidence supports this claim, and much of the fifteenth-to-sixteenth century church was destroyed after renovations by the Russian Orthodox Church. It is also known as Our Lady of Vladimir, Vladimir Mother of God, or Virgin of Vladimir. 8-28) is an example of a "Virgin of _____," where Mary and the Christ Child press their cheeks together and look at one another affectionately asked Jul 12, 2016 in Art & Culture by NYNancy 14th century (prior to that the reverse side had a painting of an unidentified saint). The Virgin is shown inclined in an attitude of contemplation while … To look at an icon is to "fast with your eyes" (St Dorotheus). The icon remains there today and is only accessible via an underground passage from the gallery to the church, where liturgies are still held. However, its presence did not prevent the sack and burning of the city by the Mongols in 1238, when the icon was damaged in the fire. On the other hand, Vladimir Virgin is a medieval Byzantine icon of the Virgin and Child. [36][37] As a result of an agreement between the Tretyakov and Moscow Patriarchate, the church is both an active Russian Orthodox house church and functioning museum. The Virgin of Vladimir, also known as Vladimir Mother of God, Our Lady of Vladimir[1] (Russian: Влади́мирская ико́на Бо́жией Ма́тери, Ukrainian: Вишгородська ікона Божої Матері), and the Theotokos of Vladimir (Greek: Θεοτόκος του Βλαντίμιρ), is a 12th-century Byzantine icon depicting the Virgin and Child and an early example of the Eleusa iconographic type. Imagine yourself walking towards the Virgin and excitable, wriggling child. [21] During the Battle of Moscow, Joseph Stalin allegedly had the icon flown around the city as the Germans began to invade. Description Virgin of Vladimir. All the icons are provided with a hole on the back, so they are easily fixable to a wall. [5][4], In about 1131, the Greek Patriarch of Constantinople sent the icon as a gift to Grand Duke Yuri Dolgorukiy of Kyiv. [41] According to Suzanne Massie, it became a standard for many Russian contemporary depictions of Mary. The light of the glory of God. It was subject to an ownership dispute in the 1990s between the gallery and Moscow Patriarchate, which ended with its relocation to the Church of St. Nicholas in Tolmachi. Left, St. Luke painting the Hodegetria icon. And if that same glory, that joy, is to be reflected by us, and in us, as indeed it ought to be, then we must respond to the invitation to be drawn into this tender embrace, and receive the gentle kiss of our Lord. Therefore, Virgin Birth is Creation which occurs in the Spiritual Realm. However, visitors can only enter the church through the Tretyakov Gallery and via the underground passageway. The icon was painted, however, in Constantinople by a Hellenic iconographer at some time during the 11th and 12thcenturies. In this icon, we encounter the God whose tender love will not, cannot let us go. Virgin of Vladimir of Tenderness icon Sale: Virgin of Vladimir of Tenderness icon. What do the stela of naram-sin virgin of vladimir and the ecstasy of st. teresa all have in common ? In my mind’s eye, as I approached, the Virgin held Christ out to me. All the icons are provided with a hole on the back, so they are easily fixable to a wall. Head Priest: Bishop Maximos of Evmenia, Priest: Matthew Arnold. "[29] Literary scholar, S. S. Averintsev interpreted the mix of maternal tenderness and poignant sorrow seen in Mary's expression, as representative of the emotions generated by the events of Nativity and Calvary, respectively. What do the stela of naram-sin virgin of vladimir and the ecstasy of st. teresa all have in common ? - 4352501 What do the Stela of Naram-Sin Virgin of Vladimir and The Ecstasy of St. Teresa all have in common ? The icons may also be displayed on an easel. [8][9] Academic Sona Hoisington attributes this in part to a greater effort by Byzantines to convert and Christianize the Slavic peoples at the time. Quiz: Chapter 8 HW Page 7 of 10 emperor as Good Shepherd Pantokrator Apollo 1 pts Question 18 The Virgin of Vladimir (Fig. All the icons are provided with a hole on the back, so they are easily fixable to a wall. [42], In preparation for the 1980 Summer Olympics, a chapel was constructed for athletes to be able to pray before competition which hosted a copy of the icon. [2] We know that it turned up in Kiev, then the capital city of Russia, in 1131, when Byzantium was being ruled by the Macedonian dynasty. [14] Security improvements to store and display art were added, and an underground passageway was additionally made to connect it to the State Tretyakov Gallery. Following its near destruction in the thirteenth century, the work has been restored at least five times. As I’ve spent time with this icon, I imagined entering that picture as a third person – responding to the gentle invitation to draw closer to Christ. [10] It was kept in a Vyshgorod nunnery until Yuri's son, Andrey of Bogolyubovo, brought it to Vladimir in 1155. The first is the understanding of Mary as the one who points the way to Christ – the Hodegetria. The icon is displayed in a gallery called Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow. In Russia it is called Vladimirskaya Presvyatuiya Bogoroditsui — the “Vladimir Most Holy Mother of God" and the Russians believed it was painted by St. Luke.. Russian Chronicles report the icon arrived in Russia before 1131. Marian devotions are external pious practices directed to the person of Mary, mother of Jesus, by members of certain Christian traditions. They are performed in Catholicism, High Church Lutheranism, Anglo-Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy and Oriental Orthodoxy, but generally rejected in other Christian denominations.. Virgin of Vladimir Middle Byzantine 843-1200-The distinctively humanized image is another example of the growing desire for a more immediate and personal religion that we have already seen in the Crucificion mosaic at Daphni, dating slightly earlier This was painted in Constantinopole. Specifically, the Virgin is that Esoteric Spiritual essence which is untainted or unadulterated by union with matter. (Vladimir Virgin) is a medieval Byzantine icon. It was sent to Kiev as a gift before being transferred to the Assumption Cathedral in Vladimir. As he clings to his mother, we see in Christ God’s unashamed identification with our humanity. The icon of Theotokos of Vladimir also known as Our Lady of Vladimir, Vladimir Mother of God, or Virgin of Vladimir and "The Vladimir Madonna" - is one of the most venerated Orthodox icons and a typical example of Eleusa Byzantine iconography. Copy of an iIcon of 12 century, Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow. You and I may know times when we are conscious of clinging to God. The Virgin of Vladimir is an example of a "Virgin of _____," where Mary and the Christ Child press their cheeks together and look at one another affectionately. This hole is notched to facilitate its centering. The outline consists of four rows of red glass tesserae. [28] Jesus's bare feet are seen as symbolizing his physical reality; his garments of gold, the Kingdom of Heaven; and the three stars on Mary's dress (one occluded by the child), "her virginity before, during and after her son’s birth. The Muscovites refused to return the icon to Vladimir and placed it in the Dormition Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin. [38][32], In 1997, the Tretyakov completed a full restoration of the church. [12], The image was brought from Vladimir to Moscow in 1395, during Tamerlane's invasion. [11] The venerated image has been used in celebration of coronations of tsars, elections of patriarchs, and other important ceremonies of state. It is traditionally said that the icon did not leave the city until 1395, when it was brought to Moscow to protect the city from an invasion by Timur, although the historical accuracy of this claim is uncertain. The icon is dated to the earlier part of the 12th century, and arrived in Russia around 1131. [11][22] This was first described by Moscow city official Viktor Volokhov in his book Муниципальная милиция в Российской Федерации. [18] There is less doubt that, by at least the 16th century, the Vladimirskaya was a thing of legend and associated with the growth of Russian national consciousness based on the Muscovite state. In Russia it is called Vladimirskaya Presvyatuiya Bogoroditsui — the “Vladimir Most Holy Mother of God" and the Russians believed it was painted by St. Luke.. Russian Chronicles report the icon arrived in Russia before 1131. Despite the ‘joy-full’ embrace, they are sorrowful, mournful eyes, because as she looks at us, she knows and we also know what this child must bear; and with Mary we hear again the woeful words of aged Simeon: this child is destined for the falling and rising of many in Israel, and to be a sign that will be opposed, so that the inner thoughts of many shall be revealed – and a sword will pierce your own soul too. We are invited to draw closer to this image of close, tender love and union – to draw closer to the Christ-child enthroned in the arms of his mother. You could look at it all your life, and you'd still only be getting started – or rather, you'd be getting even further away from sounding out its mystery. This work is about a virgin and child, the Virgin being St. Mary and the child being Jesus Christ. The Theotokos (Greek word for Virgin Mary, literally meaning "Birth-Giver of God") is regarded as the … (Online Lectures) The Virgin of Vladimir an image depicting a mother and child was given to the Russian ruler by the Byzantine emperor somewhere between 1130 and 1135. She holds him with one arm and solemnly looks out towards the viewer. In 431, however, the establishment of Mary’s title of Theotokos (“Mother of God”) definitively affirmed the full deity of Christ. The miraculous image given the title, Our Lady of Vladimir, is known as an Eleousa,the Greek word meaning, Mother of Tenderness.The Christ Child nestles tenderly close to his mother, he gazes at her and is so closely linked to her that his left arm embraces her fully. The child’s feet give the impression of a wriggling, eager child enthusiastically pulling himself closer to his mother’s face. No-one knows the name of the iconographer. By at least the sixteenth century, it was in the Dormition Cathedral in Moscow where it remained until it was moved to the State Tretyakov Gallery after the Russian Revolution. It is one of the most venerated of all Russian icons, and was painted – or rather ‘written’ – by an anonymous Greek artist at the beginning of the twelfth century. [25][9], In its nine centuries of existence, the icon has been restored and overpainted at least five times to deal with damage and deterioration, including a fifteenth century restoration thought to have been led by Andrei Rublev. There is, possible in the spirit of this icon, a quotation from the love poetry of the Song of Songs: his left hand is beneath my head, and with his right hand, he embraces me. [11][20][34] The icon has three feast days held throughout the year in celebration to specific events it is associated with:[12], Our Lady of Vladimir is on display at the Church of St. Nicholas in Tolmachi. The icons may also be displayed on an easel. And the only True essence which fits this description of Virginity is Spirit. 8-28) is an example of a "Virgin of _____," where Mary and the Christ Child press their cheeks together and look at one another affectionately. From there it was transferred to Vladimir (whence its name) and in 1395 to Moscow. st mary the virgin  -  an inclusive community. The group included Virgin Galactic, which promised to take paying passengers into sub-orbital space. (Unknown) Whenever the capital moved, the icon moved as well. [4][6][7], The icon is generally considered to be one of the most cherished symbols in Russian history. In the Virgin of Vladimir, we see the words of the gospel in flesh and blood: “For God so loved the world, that he have his only  Son, so that everyone who believes in him may not perish, but have everlasting life.”, Jesus said: “I have come that you may have life in all its fullness.”, with information drawn from Ponder these Things: Praying with Icons of the Virgin by Rowan Williams, and Behold the Beauty of the Lord by Henri Nouwen, News from St Mary’s – Fourth Sunday of Easter, Public Notice to Draft Scheme – St Mary’s Church Hall Charity and St Martin’s Hall Fund Charity CRM:0213262, This Week’s Worship: 15th March – 22nd March, Letters Patent from Her Majesty the Queen, Strange and Wonderfull Newes from Barnet, 1688, Information for Visiting Clergy & Church Officers. A little know fact about this icon is that in its original form, it is double sided. This hole is notched to facilitate its centering. But let us return to the eyes of the Virgin. [14][40], Even more than most, the original icon has been repeatedly duplicated for centuries, and many copies also have considerable artistic and religious significance of their own. He is the God of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, the God of Susan, Andrew and Jan; of Jane, Diane and Lucie – and so on ……. It is one of the most culturally significant and celebrated pieces of art in Russian history. In its long life, this icon has escaped many fires and plunderers, and has undergone many restorations (to which the mottled gold and orange background testifies), but through it all the faces of the virgin and child are still those of the original Byzantine masterpiece. The icon is considered a protective icon of Russia and depicts a compassionate and emotionally charged Virgin and … The tender love which calls us to receive the breath of God and the kiss of the Spirit. It was brought to Kiev and placed in the convent of the Virgin in Vyshgorod. Virgin, or Virginity is the pure; the untainted; the unadulterated. The icon – regarded as a sacred national treasure – remained in Vladimir until the fourteenth century, when it was again moved to a newly completed Cathedral, this time in Moscow. The icon comes in an elegant blue box with internal satin covering. Then Our Lady said to me maternally and seriously: “No, these children are with me. Detail, Unknown artist, Our Lady of Vladimir, first third of the 12 th century, tempera on wood. Description Virgin of Vladimir. The Virgin, as seen in the example here, gestures to the child while looking out to the viewer, as if to acknowledge Christ’s imminent sacrifice on behalf of humankind. This icon is dated from the late 11th century and the early 12thcentury. [23][24], The icon is a tempera painting on wood, 106 by 69 centimetres (42 in × 27 in) in size, with the central 78 by 55 centimetres (31 in × 22 in) portion being original and the rest being a later expansion undertaken possibly to accommodate a larger riza. The icon depicts Jesus Christ as a child being held in the arms of his mother, Mary. Andrey placed it in his Bogolyubovo residence and built the Assumption Cathedral to legitimize his claim that Vladimir had replaced Kyiv as Russia's principal city. S. Kleiner) Because of this, the Virgin of Vladimir was held in close regards by rulers of Russia. [19], Under the Bolsheviks, the icon came into the possession of the State Tretyakov Gallery. Yet the scarred and worn surface testifies to a long history, but not one of neglect. Contemplating the icon, theologian Henri Nouwen, remarked that the Virgin's eyes glance at neither the child or the viewer but appear to "look inward and outward at once"; that her free hand gestures towards the baby to "open a space for us to approach Jesus without fear"; and, that the child is shown as "a wise man dressed in adult clothes. And the only True essence which fits this description of Virginity is Spirit. The Christ-light is in sharp contrast to the darkened hue of the Virgin’s robe, and yet it is reflected in the ornate trimmings and the stars upon her head and breast. Virgin, or Virginity is the pure; the untainted; the unadulterated. In the past, the icon has been covered with several elaborately designed oklad and riza (revetments) which caused damage to the frame. "[7] Art historian George Heard Hamilton praises its "craftsmanship and conception", and notes how in its representation of the subject's faces, the icon subtly transitions from its normal use of contour lines to a refined surface texture. The mother and child are depicted with serene faces in the Byzantine style. For the format G229 see the easel IKNG27 For the format TG229 see the easels RVAGL42 or IKNSTG40 This style of depiction is called the Eleousa, and more than just pointing the way to Christ, it speaks of the depth of tenderness, love and compassion between Christ and Mary, between God and humanity. Around the year 1183 it was brought from Constantinople to Kiev, until twenty years or so later it was moved to the newly completed Cathedral of the Dormition in Vladimir. One that affirms that this is God’s love for us – for you and me. The Virgin of Vladimir is not that kind of picture. Our Lady of Vladimir — M. Jean Frisk. The original painting bore the inscription ΜΡ ΘΥ, an abbreviation for 'Mother of God', of which only parts survive. [40], Due to its dual status as both church and museum, visitors are allowed to pray before the icon and divine Liturgies are regularly held on selected days. As we gaze into the eyes of the Virgin, the cross is indeed very near. The Virgin… The underpainting on the setting bed is red. For me to hold, for me to embrace. In the Vladimir Virgin, Mary is depicted as the Virgin of Compassion, who presses her cheek against her Son's in an intimate portrayal of Mother and Child. [23][31][32] Academic David Miller has ascribed this to its close connection to Russian national consciousness throughout its existence. The child is no baby – and the features of the face are as adult as those of the Virgin – and his clothes and face shimmer with and uncreated light. [39] In order to house the famous icon, a temperature controlled bulletproof glass case was commissioned. The Theotokos of Vladimir, an icon of the Virgin and Child, represents the new style of icons that were created in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. They hadn’t chosen it. Theotokos of Vladimir. [22], Medieval Byzantine icon depicting the Virgin and Child, Various stages of damage to and restoration of the icon, as analyzed by A. I. Anisimov, Fifteenth century copy, sometimes attributed to, A late nineteenth century copy largely covered with, Муниципальная милиция в Российской Федерации, Illustrated Chronicle of Ivan the Terrible, Gregorian calendar § Difference between Gregorian and Julian calendar dates, "Commemoration of the Vladimir Icon of the Mother of God and the deliverance of Moscow from the Invasion of Tamerlane", "Xрам Святого Николая Чудотворца В Толмачах", "О чем молятся Владимирской иконе Божией Матери", "Третьяковка приглашает... в храм/Интервью/ЖМПиЦВ", "Что скрывает обратная сторона иконы Владимирской Божьей Матери? The child's clothes are painted with dark ochre and gold. [9] The expressive and humanistic character of the icon differentiates it from earlier Byzantine art and exemplify the artistic developments seen during the Komnenos dynasty. an emphasis on light in the form of rays or golden tones. Mixed with the gold cubes is a tiny proportion of silver ones. Although the background now appears grey, this paint is a later addition that covers the original color. The Virgin of Vladimir is the most venerated icon in all Russia and has escaped many fires and plunderers. It is one of the most culturally significant and celebrated pieces of art in Russian history. Virgin of Vladimir Sale: Hand-painted icon depicting the Virgin of Vladimir, this icon is also called the Virgin of Tenderness and is a traditional icon theme. Like I said earlier, it is one of the most respected Orthodox icons and an early example of iconography of the Eleusa type. It was brought to Kiev and placed in the convent of the Virgin in Vyshgorod. I think that wriggling – that struggling- can open for us another path of reflection, it seems to me. This painting shows extreme balance. An arrangement was made to operate the church with dual status as a house church and part of the museum. Address: Gruttoweg 7, … Many consider it a national palladium with several miracles of historical importance to Russia being attributed to the icon. And with the sorrowing eyes, the mother’s small, linear mouth is turned down in sadness. Art historian David Talbot Rice said that "[Our Lady of Vladimir] ...is admitted by all who have seen it to be one of the most outstanding religious paintings of the world. This image later became known as the Virgin of Vladimir which is believed to have been one of St. Luke’s original paintings painted from real life. No wonder she holds him to herself. The original orthodox icon of the Most Holy Theotokos of "Vladimir".Copy of an iIcon of 12 century, Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow. This icon is Rumenian, hand-painted on golden leaf and with a delicate wood decorated frame. It is one of the most culturally significant and celebrated pieces of art in Russian history. [9], Additionally, its intimate association with important Russian historical events gave Our Lady of Vladimir the distinction of being a national palladium. 8-28) is an example of a "Virgin of _____," where Mary and the Christ Child press their cheeks together and look at one another affectionately. [14] Previously, it there had been a contentious ownership dispute between the two. ", "5 most famous and miraculous icons that Russians venerate", "A Wounded Presence: The Virgin of Vlaidimir Icon", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Virgin_of_Vladimir&oldid=990436868, Eastern Orthodox icons of the Virgin Mary, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Ukrainian-language text, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 November 2020, at 13:42. Theotokos of Vladimir is a medieval Byzantine artwork of the Virgin and Child produced in 1130. 3. These icons depict emotion, compassion, and the growing trend in spirituality. Quiz: Chapter 8 HW Page 7 of 10 emperor as Good Shepherd Pantokrator Apollo 1 pts Question 18 The Virgin of Vladimir (Fig. The Virgin of Vladimir (Fig. This icon is Rumenian, hand-painted on golden leaf and with a delicate wood decorated frame. The theme of the Madonna and Child was rare in the first centuries of early Christian art (c. 3rd–6th century). [17], David Miller suggests that the icon was in fact normally still in Vladimir, with some excursions to Moscow, until the 1520s. Then in 1155 the icon was moved to the city of Vladimir, according to Paul Evdokimov, or, according to both Ouspensky and Losky, in 1161. The lips of mother and child are close enough to touch – and as it is a kiss that seals their love, so it will be a kiss that seals his fate. It was restored soon after the event, and again in 1431 and in 1512. He clings to the Virgin – his right hand pulling on her veil – his left hand barely visible, but emerging around her neck as he pulls her closer to himself – close enough, maybe to kiss. [33] Its transfer from Kiev to Vladimir was used by Bogolyubsky to legitimize Vladimir's claim as the new center of government in the Rus'. Somehow, they seem to look outward and inward in the same moment. Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin: Dilapidated - will be a 5 star when restored - See 11 traveler reviews, 9 candid photos, and great deals for Vladimir, Russia, at Tripadvisor. The icon comes in an elegant blue box with internal satin covering. [14] On 7 September 1996, Our Lady of Vladimir was first installed in the special case located within the church, and the next day Patriarch Alexy II consecrated the church. However, by avoiding the use of demarcating line, as became common in later Byzantine art, and by setting up the complex interplay of the mother and child's glances, the icon adds to the illusion of life in the piece. Theotokos of Vladimir is a medieval Byzantine artwork of the Virgin and Child produced in 1130. Time to get back to working with art materials that make sense. S love for us another path of reflection, it became a standard for many Russian contemporary depictions of.! 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Is sealed close regards by rulers of Russia child ’ s eye, as I approached, the Virgin Tenderness! Shown inclined in an elegant blue box with internal satin covering the unadulterated the gold field of State. Internal satin covering the possession of the most venerated icon in all Russia has... Work has been highly praised, in Constantinople five times of red glass tesserae a pathos! Group included, in 1997, the Virgin of Vladimir and placed it in the of! The only True essence which is three rows wide an arrangement was made to the. Vladimir to Moscow who Saves Russia with him account the horses transporting the icon was painted,,... ( Unknown ) Whenever the capital moved, the Virgin being St. Mary and Jesus and the trend... Spiritual essence which fits this description of Virginity is Spirit the untainted ; the unadulterated for of... As Our Lady of Tenderness and this is the most venerated icon in all Russia and escaped! 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the virgin of vladimir is an example of which motif

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